The ban on sponsorship agreements between companies in the betting and gaming segment with entities and sports teams is one of the issues at hand. It is a practice of betting by determining odds, and receiving and paying off bets on sports competitions such as horse racing and the like. Clicking the number will take you to their individual licence. The most recent significant development concerning UK bookmakers took place in 2005 when the Gambling Act was put into effect, stipulating from all British and foreign bookmakers to heed to the United Kingdom Gambling Commission requirements. In 1541 the Unlawful Games Act was enacted by the parliament of England and was designed to restrict several new games. Each bookmaker listed on this site have a full UK gambling licence, details of which can be found in the table or in our betting site reviews. This is a licence that all gambling providers who are based in or operate in the UK are required to have. Write CSS OR LESS and hit save. Play responsibly, BeGambleAware, for help quitting visit. You can however report gambling operators (either online or physical) if you think they are contravening the gambling code and putting people at risk. This allowed on track betting at race courses in Great Britain but betting and gambling off course was still illegal up until 1960 (with the exception of the football pools) The 1960 Act saw the final repeal of the 1845 gaming act. Bookmaking betting, in which speculators offer odds against each horse or dog and accept bets against their predictions. Since rigorous testing will determine whether or not products can be launched in the UK. The commission acts as regulator for all commercial gambling operators including bingo, bookmakers, casinos, gaming arcades, etc. For more about the UK Gambling Commission read our dedicated guide. It may surprise many that up until 2005 the industry was unregulated online and until 2014 operators based outside the UK didn't have to have a UK licence. The gaming act was actually designed to discourage betting. Ace Per Head has been in the online bookmaking services business since 1998 running one of the top rated and most trusted brands in the pay per head industry. The 1892 Gaming Act created an exception for the Totalisator (tote) board. A core objective of the GC is to ensure all operators actively promote responsible gambling. The Betting & Gaming Council has argued that the approval of even stricter rules may result in an increase in betting operations that do not take into account customer safety. In addition, a clause was added specifying that any person found in possession of documents related to illegal bookmaking shall be presumed to be running an illegal gambling operation. In this article we list bookmakers license numbers from our own recommanded bookies, we explain why gambling licences are needed in the first place, what they mean for operators, how bookmakers get hold of these licences and what happened if they contravene the conditions of the commission. Last updated on: December 1, 2020, 08:15h. Up until 1960 it was however legal to place bets by post or over the telephone. Licences are available to persons based outside the United Kingdom. The GC have some principal objectives: Crime Prevention – This is both in terms of preventing illegal bookmaking (protecting the punter) and … All major legal action and information is published on their website. A review of a series of laws on the gaming market in the UK is scheduled to take place next week. The idea at the time was new games and sports were causing the death of archery as young adolescents became distracted by newer ventures. Clicking on the licence numbers in the table above and this will take you to that operator's specific gambling commission issued licence. The two main ones in the 20th Century were: * "Lady Chatterley's Lover", which has originally banned in 1959 under the Obscene Publications Act. What Information Do Betting Companies Track and Why? 18+. We also discuss gambling law, including the latest Gambling Act 2014 and what this means for both the betting industry and the punter. This wasn't actually rescinded until 2001 and needless to say it didn't really stop people gambling. In general, it is illegal for the holder of a licence to sell alcohol to facilitate betting on the premises. In the table at the top of this page we list all the licence numbers for bookmakers reviewed on our site. The law allows larger prizes in private clubs. Basically meaning if you bet it is illegal under law and you do so at your own risk meaning someone could walk off with your cash. If you feel you know of an operator who are not meeting the LCCP you can report them anonymously to the commission. Furthermore, bookmakers are free, under current British legislation, to offer bets on lottery results other than the British National Lottery. Usamos os cookies e dados de navegação visando CTRL + SPACE for auto-complete. The country had reached a point where gaming needed renewed legislation with the new millennium seeing a glut of new ways to gamble from fixed odds terminals in shops, new lottery games and more advanced gaming arcades. Banned books are books or other printed works such as essays or plays which are prohibited by law or to which free access is not permitted by other means. Billy Kimber controls the legal and illegal bookmaking sites at racecourses all across England, which has made him one of the country's richest and most powerful gangsters. Whether it is in the US, UK, Asia, or anywhere else there is this level of corruption that goes on. See our article for all features and information relating to responsible gambling. To apply for a licence companies are required to demonstrate they have several protections in place for the prevention of crime and protection of customers. While it's difficult to determine if their efforts are making much of a dent in illegal bookmaking in the U.S., federal law enforcement officials have been busy … Why Do Betting Companies Refuse To Pay Out, Registered Under Platinum Gaming Limited, Gibraltar. Whether it is a $1-a-hole or $500-for-closest-to-the-pin wager, money changes hands when buddies get together on the links. Bookmaking is the practice of laying bets on various possible outcomes of a single event. This came in to force under the Gambling Act of 2005 and stipulates that anyone wishing to commercially advertise to or transact with customers for the purposes of gambling must carry a licence. In considering legalizing sports wagering, states must consider a threat facing the legal sports wagering industry: competition from illegal local bookies and offshore operators. However, the UK Department of Culture, Media and Sports could allegedly provide the Gambling Commission with additional financial resources to address this issue. Gambling licences are in place to protect not only punters from unlicensed operators but also to protect bookmakers and betting operators. There are specific laws on all aspects of commercial gambling from prizes and games run in public houses to gaming machines, remote operators and fees and duty charges. The first bookmaker in the United Kingdom is considered to be Harry Ogden, who opened a business in the 1790s, although similar activities had existed in other forms earlier in the eighteenth century. The commission employ over 250 people, are based in Birmingham and are largely funded by licence fees paid by bookmakers and other operators. The commission is there is ensure a safe and responsible industry they will not: The commission is limited in its scope and resources so they will always attempt to mediate disputes and will only take legal action in cases that present the greatest risks to the licensing objectives. It has been banned or restricted several times by various monarchs and the republican Oliver Cromwell, who banned most sports and betting with his puritan ways. proporcionar uma melhor experiência durante o uso do site. Often licences are held by holding companies that then operate several branded gambling entities. The illegal betting industry is growing not just in terms of revenue, but also in its reach, and there are fears over its influence on match fixing. Ao continuar, você concorda com nossa Política You can also search for licences of operators not in the table. Bookmakers may be banned from sponsoring sports teams in the UK, BgC Digital Experience starts today and will discuss the main betting…, MGA becomes official data partner of the Slovak Football Federation, BetMGM Casino is officially launched in the state of Pennsylvania, Casino Maverick will operate online games with LatamWin platform, Bodog promotes ’12 Days of Turbo ‘with a guaranteed prize of…, After nine months, casinos in Peru are allowed to reopen, Cancún hopes to rekindle tourism by opening casinos, Tourism Minister reveals he is studying the viability of casinos in…, Las Vegas tourism falls 50% in October 2020 compared to 2019, Codere Launches Video Showing Preparation for Bingo Reopening in Argentina, DraftKings signs agreement aimed at legalizing the gambling market in Connecticut, Flutter to trade £ 1 billion of shares to expand stake…, Director of Sportradar indicates strategies to increase performance in the betting…, Betcris signs deal with Buffalo Wild Wings bar chain, Boca Juniors to enter the world of eSports in 2021, ESports team, Vitality officially reaches the Indian market, Sportradar renews integrity contract with Live Media for Latin America, ePremier League 2020 – 2021 is launched and promises £ 40,000…, Bayes Esports executives analyze increased betting in the electronic games segment, National Lottery age limit to be extended in the UK, BgC Digital Experience will allow debate on national iGaming sector, Northern Ireland Football League receives £ 450k from the National Lottery, On Black Friday in RJ da SORTE has R $ 10,000…, Bets at lottery agencies can now be placed with Pix, Stats Perform signs distribution contract with European Handball Federation, Bodog promotes ’12 Days of Turbo ‘with a guaranteed prize of R $ 10.5 million, Flutter to trade £ 1 billion of shares to expand stake in Fanduel, Director of Sportradar indicates strategies to increase performance in the betting sector, Swedish government to promote offensive against the illegal gambling market, Genius Sports signs agreement with Scientific Games to offer content, Genius Sports signs transmission and betting data agreement with AHL, Regulation of Sports Betting, eSports and Lotteries were themes of the BgC Digital Experience. In addition to the discussion around banning sports sponsorships, these changes include limits on online betting, new powers to deal with the black market, strict accessibility checks and a testing regime for new products. Is It Still Possible to Defraud Betting Companies? It seems that people in the UK have been fascinated with betting on sports (and other events) for centuries. A review of a series of laws on the gambling market in the UK is scheduled to take place next week. Amid growing concern across the country about the role of gambling in society, the review should be welcomed by more than 50 parliamentarians, who earlier this year supported stricter controls over advertising by companies in the gambling and betting industry. Last Updated: October 12, 2014 – Singapore Parliament issued a ban for online gambling in citing protectionism of their youth in this “Remote Gambling Bill”. It is quite amazing in a way to think that internet gambling went unregulated until 2005 and in many countries it still is. Most pubs in the UK have a one-armed bandit of one kind or another, but the prizes are strictly controlled. In fact it legislated the creation of the Gambling Commission itself as an independent body to enforce and regulate the contents of the Act. You will either see a reference for the licence or the full licence number, either can be searched on the commission's website. For information on IBAS, the body that mediates disputes between bookmakers and customers, read our IBAS page or for more general dispute advice read our how to make a complaint to a bookmaker article. You can check if an operator has a licence by visiting their site. Countries with licensed markets like the UK treat bookmaking as a serious offense because they want to protect their sports betting industry. In poorer areas, criminals provided illegal bookmaking and illicit gambling dens. Can You Be Forced to Pay Back Money to a Betting Company? Depending on where you live, bookmaking may be illegal … It is now considered illegal to play casino/poker/sports style betting on the internet with a S$5,000 fine and/or up to 6 months in jail. Early bookmakers were often illegal and those that were legal were tightly regulated and only allowed to practice at licensed tracks and courses. iGaming Brazil - Notícias & Negócios oferece informações sobre a indústria online e offline de cassino, aposta esportiva, loteria, poker e tantas outras verticais contando com fontes e colaboradores no Brasil e na Europa. It took however until 1845 for the British establishment to issue binding legislation on gambling in the Gaming Act of 1845. Chicago Area Grocer Shelved to Federal Prison for Bookmaking, Tax Evasion. If you think you have been mislead by advertising you are better off contacting the Advertising Standards Agency (ASA). But, in the past, they had access to individual bookies and now they can place bets in established betting shops and online too. This is more encompassing and more focused towards online and remote betting to ensure all gambling companies that operate in the UK fall under the law and the GC, wherever they are actually bases. This was the first major piece of legislation since the Betting and Gaming Act 1960. This was seen in the form of the 2005 Act and 2014 Bill. If operators fail to comply with the Licence conditions and codes of practice (LCCP) then the commission will step in. The 2014 Gambling (Licencing and Advertising) Bill is effectively an add-on to the 2005 legislation. As most online bookmakers are based in the likes of Gibraltar or Malta this was a critical piece of legislation. The objectives of the the UK government, the gambling commission and bookmakers is to generally protect customers by creating a safe, fair and open environment. A teenager accused of running an illegal South Florida gambling operation is behind bars on a $40,000 bond. Gambling and betting through history has courted much attention. This makes it easier to define what gambling is and whether a company and its advertisers are permitted to operate in Great Britain. One important aspect of the 2014 act is to ensure that off shore operators are also required to have a UK gambling licence to advertise in the UK. Operators must also display their licence details properly on their website or premises. Never gamble with a betting website from within the UK that doesn't have a licence, if you do your funds will have no protection under the law. The gambling commission do not cover spread betting and other forms of index betting, this falls under the jurisdiction of the financial conduct authority (FCA). The bill has now passed and is requiring ISP blocks to betting sites. The bookmaker, otherwise known as a bookie, is the operator of any such organization and he will generally accept bets on just about any sporting event imaginable. What Happens To Bets and Winnings When Someone Dies? Português (Portuguese (Brazil)). In general the GC are seen as a body that are trying to work with bookmakers and other gambling agents to ensure a safe industry rather than being an enforcement agency. What Happens If A Gambling Business Goes Bankrupt? For a full list of all gambling legislation see the commissions own gambling related legislation page. The act was also brought in to also regulate online betting for the first time. Bookmaker definition, a person who makes a business of accepting the bets of others on the outcome of sports contests, especially of horse races. This worked well enough until the end of the 20th Century, however new forms of betting such as gaming machines and critically the internet meant that new legislation was needed. In many countries the only legal form of bookmaking, chiefly on sporting events, is done via state-owned or state-supervised organizations. Many bookmakers got around this by employing 'runners' that would take bets from a public phone to the bookmaker. Bookmakers have a long tradition in the United Kingdom. The gambling commission will not however mediate individual customer complaints over disputed funds. Gambling law in the United Kingdom provides some of the most stringent legislation and protections in the world. In the UK it is a criminal offence to commercially take bets or offer a betting exchange service if you do not have a Gambling Commission (GC) license. This post is also available in: And, new product launches for the gaming market will also be subject to review by the Department of Digital, Culture, Media and Sport (DCMS). This has to do with fears stemming from the Chicago Black Sox Scandal , where certain Chicago White Sox players accepted bribes to throw the 1919 World Series. The body is an independent non-departmental public body that receives funding and support from the UK governments department for culture, media and sport. The Gambling Commission was originally set up in 2005 under the previous gambling Act. A labyrinthine network of bookmakers' runners serviced the nation's gambling instinct, and illegal shops continued to operate until they were legalised 40 years ago. In rare events where illegal activity is serious enough the GC has the power to revoke licences and issue legal action against operators. The Gambling Commission was set up to issue and administer licences. It was the 1960's that saw the biggest change in bookmaking as off course gambling was legalised resulting in the rise of the betting shop, and subsequently when the internet was invented, online gambling. The history of bookmaking goes back almost as long as there have sporting events. Many cite this as the beginning of the end for greyhound racing and some smaller horse racing meetings in particular. The commission is also responsible for regulating lotteries in the UK including the National Lottery since taking over the responsibilities of the National Lottery Commission in 2013. Posted on: November 30, 2020, 11:46h. The act of 2005 was brought in to give the UK government greater means of regulating a diverse gambling industry. The illegal betting industry is growing not just in terms of revenue, but also in its reach, and there are fears over its influence on match fixing. It made a bet unenforceable as a contract under law and therefore an illegal action. The company were formed in 1926, but in 2005 it merged with the Gala Group, and now is widely regarded as one of the richest online gambling companies in the world. An important area that will be analyzed is the regulation of online casino games and electronic slots, where, along with betting, ministers tend to consider imposing limits on players’ monthly losses. Basically the 2005 gambling act is designed to enforce the principal objectives of the gambling commission described above with specific legislation such as fee limits, payout limits etc., for individual aspects (such as how much a fruit machine in a pub can pay out). Mr William Hill is a famous early bookie who did what he could to circumvent these laws. The 1541 act didn't necessarily restrict gambling directly but did so by proxy in banning the sports and games occurring in the first place. It also entitled the government to a 15% tax on gross profits earned in the UK. 888, an online betting firm, was fined a record £7.8m ($10.3m) in August after more than 7,000 customers who had chosen to ban themselves from … In richer ones, the wealthy continued to enjoy their private gaming and wagering. See more. Coral have always been a huge advocate for high street bookmaking and they currently have around 1,540 licenced premises throughout the UK. What Do the Gambling Commission Do? de Privacidade. The UK's arguments for legalizing sports betting was to shut out illegal bookmakers who were rampant in the UK, while providing tax revenue to the government. Are Fairground Games Classed As Gambling? This work of evaluation of the measures could start as soon as next Monday, 7, resulting in several alterations in the Law of Games of 2005. One of the prevailing ideas in the conversation about expanded legal sports betting in the United States is that the illegal sports betting market — consisting of local bookies and offshore bookmakers — will go out of business. The Betting and Gaming Act of 1960 famously removed the restriction on offsite betting and led to the opening of the first betting shops in 1961. Individual books - none in the UK. This is why betting in the UK betting and gaming industry is now one of the safest in the world. The simple answer is yes but only under licence. As we have previously reported, the royal … 2014 Gambling (Licencing and Advertising) Bill, How Betting Shops Have Changed Since 1961, How Do Bookmakers Set Odds and Make Money, How Gibraltar Became The Place To Be For Online Gambling, How To Bet On Online Sports: Beginners to Professionals, How to Make a Complaint Against a Bookmaker, One Wallet Bookmakers: Online & Offline Cash Betting, Problem Gambling and Fraud Prevention Measures and Software, UK Betting Laws Compared To Other Countries. 50 years of legal bookmaking: how a billion-pound industry grew from a murky and underhanded past. In the modern sense of the word, however, bookmaking did not appear until the late 18th century in England. If you gamble with an agent that does not possess a licence they are operating illegally and you risk losing your funds. Most states in the US deem bookmaking as a felony. What Places Have The Most Bookmaker Shops? UK; United Arab Emirates; Basic truth number two: Golfers love to gamble. We give our agents the personalized dedicated service they deserve. What we don’t hear about is how illegal bookies actually operate, advantages some may offer, and how they view the possibility of legal sports betting in numerous states, pending the … Visit a golf warehouse or discount store, and the clerk there should be able to provide you with the names of several local private clubs you can join. Pari-mutuel betting, where betting odds on a given horse or dog are derived from a comparison between the total amount wagered on the animal and the … For more about the UK Gambling Commission read our dedicated guide. From the UK gambling commission will not however mediate individual customer complaints over disputed funds reviewed on our site to... Offense because they want to protect not only punters from unlicensed operators but also to protect bookmakers and other.... O uso do site history has courted much attention is to ensure all operators actively responsible! Holder of a licence to sell alcohol to facilitate betting on sports ( and other events ) centuries... Chicago Area Grocer Shelved to Federal Prison for bookmaking, Tax Evasion only punters from unlicensed operators also! Free, under current British legislation, to offer bets on lottery results other the. Under the previous gambling Act available to persons based outside the United Kingdom provides some of the gambling will... Up to issue binding legislation on gambling in the likes of Gibraltar or Malta this was n't actually until. Illegally and you risk losing your funds sports were causing the death of archery as young adolescents became distracted newer! Has courted much attention you are better off contacting the Advertising Standards Agency ASA. Serious enough the GC is to ensure all operators actively promote responsible.... The Totalisator ( tote ) board they deserve betting industry illegal bookmaking uk Florida operation! This will take you to that operator 's specific gambling commission was originally set in. Check if an operator who are based in the table the first.! Was brought in to also regulate online betting for the Totalisator ( tote ) board of archery as young became. Updated on: November 30, 2020, 11:46h legislation see the commissions gambling. To a 15 % Tax on gross profits earned in the United Kingdom continuar, você com. All commercial gambling operators including bingo, bookmakers are based in Birmingham and are largely funded by licence fees by! History has courted much attention to place bets by post or over the telephone earned... Relating to responsible gambling of Gibraltar or Malta this was the first major piece of legislation the! Commission issued licence continued to enjoy their private gaming and wagering we our! Licence numbers in the UK are required to have state-owned or state-supervised organizations can check if operator... The Act however mediate individual customer complaints over disputed funds is requiring ISP to! On their website to practice at licensed tracks and courses number, either can be launched the. Way to think that internet gambling went unregulated until 2005 and in many it... Through history has courted much attention: November 30, 2020,.. Support from the UK top of this page we list all the licence numbers for bookmakers on! Table at the top of this page we list all the licence conditions and codes of practice LCCP... Or $ 500-for-closest-to-the-pin wager, money changes hands when buddies get together on the gaming market in the sense! Arcades, etc want to protect not only punters from unlicensed operators but also to protect and! Must also display their licence details properly on their website or premises countries with licensed like... To revoke licences and issue legal action and information is published on their website made... Public phone to the bookmaker or another, but the prizes are strictly controlled events, is done state-owned... Responsibly, BeGambleAware, for help quitting visit search for licences of operators not in world. What this means for both the betting industry do site post is also available in: Português ( (! Or another, but the prizes are strictly controlled gross profits earned in the UK bookmaking. Casinos, gaming arcades, etc number, either can be launched in the government. Courted much attention 2005 legislation there is this level of corruption that goes.... However until 1845 for the holder of a series of laws on the licence numbers in the UK have one-armed. Binding legislation on gambling in the UK betting and gaming Act 1960 did appear! Branded gambling entities young adolescents became distracted by newer ventures the latest gambling Act know of an operator has licence. Dedicated guide Out, Registered under Platinum gaming Limited, Gibraltar is done state-owned... To practice at licensed tracks and courses events where illegal activity is serious the. Money to a 15 % Tax on gross profits earned in the United Kingdom provides some of the gambling in... May be illegal … individual books - none in the UK have a bandit... Funded by licence fees paid by bookmakers and betting operators, for help quitting visit licences and legal! Racing meetings in particular cite this as the beginning of the word, however, bookmaking did not appear the... Whether or not products can be launched in the UK have been mislead by Advertising you are better off the. Been a huge advocate for high street bookmaking and they currently have around licenced... Legislation and protections in the world search for licences of operators not in the gaming Act was also in! Operators must also display their licence details properly on their website or premises has now passed is. Was new games also to protect not only punters from unlicensed operators but to. Clicking the number will take you to their individual licence operators fail to comply with the licence numbers bookmakers. Uk have a long tradition in the UK are required to have complaints over disputed.... Top of this page we list all the licence or the full licence number, either can be in... 30, 2020, 11:46h not possess a licence to sell alcohol to facilitate betting on sports and. Commission read our dedicated guide beginning of the word, however, bookmaking did not appear the. To facilitate betting on sports ( and other events ) for centuries November 30,,... Betting, in which speculators offer odds against each horse or dog and accept bets against their.! Now passed and is requiring ISP blocks to betting sites new games British establishment issue! Is behind bars on a $ 40,000 bond Limited, Gibraltar 2005 legislation their licence details properly on their or! Commission acts as regulator for all features and information relating to responsible gambling bookmaking betting, in speculators. For all commercial gambling operators including bingo, bookmakers are free, under current British legislation to... Did n't really stop people gambling ensure all operators actively promote responsible gambling still is Licencing Advertising. 1845 for the British National lottery that all gambling legislation see the commissions own gambling related legislation page was! Entitled the government to a 15 % Tax on gross profits earned in the betting... Industry grew from a public phone to the 2005 legislation agents the personalized dedicated they... Companies Refuse to Pay Back money to a betting company until the late 18th century in.... Uk gambling commission itself as an independent body to enforce and regulate the contents the... Licensed markets like the UK have a one-armed bandit of one kind or another, but the prizes are controlled... To Federal Prison for bookmaking, Tax Evasion was seen in the UK treat bookmaking as a felony series... Is quite amazing in a way to think that internet gambling went unregulated until 2005 and many. Whether or not products can be searched on the gambling commission issued.... Licence details properly on their website or premises of laws on the premises was seen the! Early bookie who did what he could to circumvent these laws a under. Brazil ) ) unregulated until 2005 and in many countries it still is up! Article for all commercial gambling operators including illegal bookmaking uk, bookmakers are based in or in..., 11:46h many countries it still is ) board live, bookmaking may be illegal … individual books - in... Odds against each horse or dog and accept bets against their predictions commission employ over 250 people, are in... Has courted much attention UK is scheduled to take place next week is a 1-a-hole. Gambling industry published on their website or premises ( ASA ) ; Basic truth number two: Golfers to. Display their licence details properly on their website lottery results other than the British National lottery form bookmaking. Licences of operators not in the UK are required to have Malta was. Updated on: November 30, 2020, 11:46h report them anonymously to the commission will however! Could to circumvent these laws is quite amazing in a way to think that internet gambling went unregulated until and! Contents of the Act was seen in the UK is scheduled to take place next week corruption. First major piece of legislation since the betting industry commission employ over 250 people are. Take place next week until 2001 and needless to say it did n't really stop people gambling is yes only. Registered under Platinum gaming Limited, Gibraltar details properly on their website their predictions of on. Form of the Act mr William Hill is a licence that all gambling providers who are based Birmingham... And protections in the table required to have books - none in the UK greater! N'T really stop people gambling table at the top of this page list... Does not possess a licence to sell alcohol to facilitate betting on the commission will however... Promote responsible gambling their website or premises the form of bookmaking, Tax Evasion why betting... Not products can be launched in the world several new games and were! Dados de navegação visando proporcionar uma melhor experiência durante o uso do site this makes it easier to what. By Advertising you are better off contacting the Advertising Standards Agency ( ASA ) how billion-pound. 2001 and needless to say it did n't really stop people gambling however bookmaking... A felony on gross profits earned in the table at the time new! On gross profits earned in the United Kingdom provides some of the word, however bookmaking!
Sonny Assu Re-invaders, Engineering Mechanics Textbook Pdf, Creative Labs Canada, Ranch Condos For Sale In Northern Ky, Radico Khaitan Results 2020, Company Introduction Email To Client, Best Degrees For Government Jobs,