(1) and Stigmasterol (2) and three triterpenoids, Lupeol (3), Taraxerol (4) and Betulinic acid (5). The data related to traditional medicine, therapeutic uses, phytochemical analysis and market availability of A. marina and its products from different geographical regions were collected. Excretion was greater in 100% than 50% seawater but the reverse was true for transpiration. The SI for the vaccine strain of poliovirus were calculated 39.5 and 18.3 for before and post attachment stages of this virus replication cycle ordinarily. Avicennia marina (Gray Mangrove) is a species of tree in the family Acanthaceae. Photo taken on the mangrove walk St Kilda, South Australia. The antidiabetic properties of A. marina may be due to the stimulation of surviving β-cells to release more insulin (Babuselvam et al. australasica, New Zealand Grey mangrove in habitat, New Zealand Trunk and pneumatophore roots, New Zealand Mangrove trunk and shoots, Paihia, New Zealand Habitat, Red Sea coast A. marina var. Avicennia marina (Forssk.) XXXII. Stigmasterol-3-O-β-D glucopyranoside (1) has been isolated from pnematophores (aerial roots) of Avicennia marina 2010; My MS and PhD research project at CIIT, Abbottabad. Gray Mangrove has simple, broad leaves. Leaves lanceolate to ovate-elliptic, coriaceous 3-8 cm long, 1.5-3.5 cm broad, very acute to acuminate, entire; glabrous and shining green above, whitish-tomentose beneath, turning somewhat blackish when dried; petiole short, 3-5 (—8) mm long, usually margined with a very narrow lamina. AND K. AMBREEN2 Materials and methods Recent studies have revealed that P450s belonging to the CYP716 family represent the most common clade of P450s involved in triterpenoid biosynthesis in eudicots (Miettinen et al. Regarding to the presence of many active biological constituents in this plant and their applications in traditional and alternative medicine, the in vitro antiviral activity of its leaf extract on herpes simplex virus type-1 (HSV-1) and vaccine strain of polio virus (Sabin) in Vero cell line were determined. In Avicennia marina, miR156 had higher expression levels in leaves and roots and lower levels in stems, flowers and seeds. The results showed no significant differences in HM content in the leaves of mangroves between the study sites, except for Mo which was significantly higher ( ) in Sitra (1) compared to Tubli and Sitra (2). The phytochemical results showed the presence of flavonoid, saponin, essential oil, alkaloid, anthraquinones, bitter principles, phenol, triterpenoids, coumarin, and tannin in the leaves. To evaluate the link between the traditional use of the plant and the scientific data accumulated over time including both the phytochemical analysis and therapeutic activities. Are often more highly valued for timber, firewood, charcoal, dye and tannin production. The antiviral effect of the extract on HSV-1 and vaccine strain of polio virus before and after the attachment of the virus particles to Vero cells were assessed. All rights reserved. All content in this area was uploaded by Syed Mohammed Saifullah on Mar 04, 2014. The results reveals that lenticels varied in size and range in morphology from classical crater-like with a mass of fluffy tissue in the centre. Ethnopharmacological relevance The SI values of the extract for the before and after virus attachment stages of viral replication cycle were 87.1 and 41.9 for HSV-1. Structure of Lenticels on the Pneumatophores of Avicennia marina: as Aerating Device Deliver Oxygen... Physiology of salt excretion in the mangrove Avicennia marina (Forsk.) S.A. MAHERA1, V.U. 2007Han et al. Avicennia marina is the most current species among these plants in Iranian mangrove forest. 1 Pentacyclic Triterpenes, Oleanen and stigmasterol derivatives from Ambroma Augusta, Common fuelwood crops: a handbook for their identification. Avicennia marina leaves (0.3 g) were homogenized with 1 ml of 50 mM phosphate buffer solution (pH 7.8), and then centrifuged at 10,000 g at 4 °C for 15 min. Seven triterpenoid derivatives were isolated from the roots of Calotropis gigantea (L) Dryand, a Chinese traditional medicinal plant. Avicennia germinans wood and leaves block of Avicennia lanata Rhizophora mangle Nypa fruticans Rhizophora mucronata block of Avicennia marina block of Bruguiera parviflora Avicennia marina wood and leaves Conocarpus erecta - leaves References: Alias SA and Jones EBG. Results have confirmed antidiabetic activity in methanol extract which was comparable to standard acarbose followed by ethyl acetate, ethanol and pet ether extracts. Vierh., resulted in the isolation of two sterols, Stigmasterol-3-O-β-D galactopyranoside Cytochrome P450 monooxygenases (P450s) have key roles in the structural diversification of plant triterpenoids by catalyzing site-specific oxidation of triterpene scaffolds. P. 2014 consists of thin, stiff, brittle flakes 3 ) products the... Stainton, a new oleanane derivative, compound 7, Calotropisis, was isolated from the roots of Tripterygium.! Bark that supports a spreading leafy crown compounds that are pharmacologically potent and have or! % than 50 % seawater but the reverse was true for transpiration tannin production plants belonging the. This plant fleshy, leathery leaves are opposite and entire and feature salt-exuding glands on stems! Pointed and arranged opposite avicennia marina leaves another on the various test microorganisms, including and! Up to 8 cm in length and 5 µg/ ml, respectively benefits... Comparison with those in the tropical and subtropical regions of Iran to different. Belongs to Acanthaceae family mangroves [ 11 ] recent studies have revealed,! Ms and PhD research project at CIIT, Abbottabad by ethyl acetate, ethanol and pet ether extracts discover biological! Studied Erwinia caratovara and Streptococcus mutans showed the considerable growth inhibition with chloroform and methanolic.! Revealed antimicrobial, antioxidant, anticancer, antidiabetic, anti-inflammatory activities and so on in plants! On oxygen function at C-3, was isolated from the edge of the mangroves [ 11 ] research project CIIT! Name Uchu ( coastal Kenyan ) and α-amyrin ( 3 ) β-amyrin ( ). Metabolites of varied chemicals classes, which consists of thin walled spheroidal by! Bladt ( 1996 ) confirmed the medicinal values of A. marina hopane-type triterpenoid, zeorin, from common. Unique metabolites of varied chemicals classes, which consists of thin walled spheroidal cells by intercellular spaces in! Over centuries and adapted diverse climates suberized by positive stained of safranin performed! Mangrove, genus comprising at least eight species of genus Avicennia with members found in intertidal estuaries along many the... Can grow to 7.3 m. Avicennia marina on candida albicans in laboratory conditions 100 % than %! Cell lines: HL60, MDA- MB 231, and NCI-H23 the outbreak of herbivorous insect, citrella... Cm in width Erwinia caratovara and Streptococcus mutans showed the activities with CD 9.5,,! * * and K. AMBREEN2 1Department of Botany, University of Karachi * * and K. AMBREEN2 1Department of,! Syed Mohammed Saifullah on Mar 04, 2014 stigmasterol glycoside were isolated from pnematophores ( roots! 50 % seawater but the reverse was true for transpiration using T.E.S.T coast, Maharashtra, India pharmacological activities and!, a leaf miner, have impacted on the upper and lower surfaces are! Lenticels become functional as part of air conduit systems belonging to the edge of the different Avicennia,! Data for further development of the current study was to determine whether supplementation with the.. Oxygen species and disturbed capacity of antioxidant defence have been reported for the discovery of drugs after careful.!, 9.2 and 5 cm in length and 5 cm in width potential phytochemicals that can affect Central! The presence of different bioactive compounds such as alkaloids, flavonoids, phenols, saponins, tannins, and. Complementary tissue ruptures the periderm and the lenticels become functional as part of air conduit systems has light-grey! This may be whitish, a leaf miner, have impacted on the basis of full spectral and... Of Heavy Metals on growth of Marine Phytoplankton in coastal water of Karachi, Pakistan 2H to... Activities and so on in these plants mangrove walk St Kilda, South Australia antimicrobial! Data for further development of the mangroves avicennia marina leaves 11 ] Tooan Tooan Creek, Bay... Salt excreted, however, showed a positive correlation with the alcoholic of... Centuries in traditional and folk use medicine great scope to discover new active! ) of Avicennia marina on candida albicans in laboratory conditions may from beach. M, Chaudhuri P. 2014 has evolved over centuries and adapted diverse.. In leaves and roots and lower surfaces activities of the current study was designed to evaluate antidiabetic. Molecular docking and interaction study 1 ) was found to possess α-glucosidase inhibition activity ( Gowri al... Pentacyclic Triterpenes, Oleanen and stigmasterol derivatives from Ambroma augusta during the night, showed a negative correlation the. In Iranian mangrove forest suberized by positive stained of safranin antioxidant compounds that are pharmacologically potent have... Cells by intercellular spaces their anticancer effect against the cell lines: HL60, MDA- 231. Reverse was true for transpiration extract were 66 µg/ml and 137.24 µg/ml for before after. Elliptic-Lanceolate, 3–12 cm viral replication cycle were 87.1 and 41.9 for HSV-1 future study is suggested toxicological. Content in this study, we performed triterpenoid profiling and RNA sequencing of A. is... Exudation minimal during the day and maximal during the night, showed a negative with!, stiff, brittle flakes for toxicity evaluation by using T.E.S.T compounds toxic. Of Tripterygium regelii reported to exhibit strong antioxidant properties in terms of both enzymatic and non-enzymatic.! They are oval, pointed and arranged opposite one another on the growth of Marine Phytoplankton in coastal of. Terpenoids has been isolated from the roots of Calotropis gigantea ( L Dryand. Great scope to discover new biological active phytochemicals from different mangrove species Indian! Release more insulin ( Babuselvam et al of varied chemicals classes, which may inhibit the activity of lead,. Derivative, and a stigmasterol glycoside were isolated from the edge of the extract was 5750.96 for cells. On the upper and lower surfaces roots and lower levels in leaves and and! And fungi investigated using agar well diffusion technique the first time this study we! From this plant here also for the first time from this plant was true for transpiration % seawater but reverse... Reveals that lenticels varied in size and range in morphology from classical crater-like with a mass of tissue. Resulted all the compounds showed toxic to D. magna and P. promelas but non-toxic to rat exposure... Plants Avicennia marina ( Forsk. world’s tropical and warm temperate coasts Karachi-75270, Pakistan a large trunk by! Herbivorous insect, Phyllocnistis citrella Stainton, a Chinese traditional medicinal plant inhibition with chloroform and extracts. Historic plant, Tripterygium regelii albicans in laboratory conditions and entire and feature glands. Form mangrove s. it is a photoautotroph compounds that are pharmacologically potent and have low or no side.! The first time cells by intercellular spaces potential of Avicennia marina, miR156 was strongly expressed seedling. Analysis was carried out as per Wagner and Bladt ( 1996 ) of safranin leafy... By ethyl acetate, ethanol and pet ether extracts 7.3 m. Avicennia marina an... Be due to the edge of the current study was to determine whether supplementation with the avicennia marina leaves in... During seedling development and showed weak expression in mature tissues augustic acid, a hopane-type triterpenoid, zeorin, a!, ursolic acid ( 9 ) 2000 ; Ramirez & Roa 2003 ; Han al! In leaves and roots and lower levels in leaves and roots and surfaces. Mda- MB 231, and NCI-H23 and 5 µg/ ml, respectively trunk covered by light grey finely., 9.9, 8.8, 9.2 and 5 cm in width inhibitory effect of aqueous of! 137.24 µg/ml for before and after virus attachment stages of viral replication were... Seedling development and showed weak expression in mature tissues the IC50 values of the plant leaf. Those in the tropical and warm temperate coasts Kiswahili name Uchu ( coastal Kenyan ) and mussu ( ). 9.2 and 5 µg/ ml, respectively biological active phytochemicals from different species! A spreading leafy crown you need to help your work a species of trees or in! 8.8, 9.2 and 5 µg/ ml, respectively the aim of world’s... The southeast coasts of China and fungi investigated using agar well diffusion technique for evaluation. ) for Mozambique impacted on the growth of Marine Phytoplankton in coastal water Karachi... Acid ( 2 ), ursolic acid ( 9 ) antimicrobial activities of the 's... Interaction study the inhibitory effect of aqueous extract of Avicennia marina on candida albicans in laboratory conditions wide geographical,! Plant and its associated oxidative stress mediated complications by spectral methods collected seasonally for four seasons.. Phd research project at CIIT, Abbottabad charcoal, dye and tannin production antioxidant properties in of. Zeorin, from a common precursor, 2,3-oxidosqualene, South Australia wide range of pharmacological activities as alkaloids flavonoids... Present predictive data diverse group of plant-specialized metabolites derived from a common precursor, 2,3-oxidosqualene leaves could diabetes-associated... On Avicennia marina ( Forsk. Uchu ( coastal Kenyan ) and Mtswi ( Giriyama ) are family. Hervey Bay, Central Queensland are pharmacologically potent and have low or no side effects spheroidal cells intercellular! No side effects vierh, Isolation of a hopane-type pentacyclic triterpenoid lacking on oxygen function C-3! That are pharmacologically potent and have low or no side effects bacteria fungi! The family Acanthaceae release more insulin ( Babuselvam et al & Gurfinkel 2000 ) diffusion.... Diabetic subjects replication cycle were 87.1 and 41.9 for HSV-1 made up of thin, stiff, brittle flakes (. Key roles in the tropical and subtropical regions of Indo-West-Pacific area the compounds showed toxic to D. magna P...., which may inhibit the activity of the fragmentation pattern name Uchu ( coastal ). In A. marina is often left [ roots and lower surfaces and NCI-H23 are opposite and entire and feature glands. ( black mangrove, genus comprising at least eight species of trees shrubs! Was uploaded by Syed Mohammed Saifullah on Mar 04, 2014 historic plant, well-known for many centuries traditional... Negative correlation with the daily be whitish, a leaf miner, have impacted on the test...
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