The terms El Niño and La Niña refer to periodic changes in Pacific Ocean sea surface temperatures that have impacts on weather all over the globe. El Niño and La Niña are opposite phases of the El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) cycle, with La Niña sometimes referred to as the cold phase of ENSO and El Niño as the warm phase of ENSO. La Niña episodes represent periods of below-average sea surface temperatures across the east-central Equatorial Pacific. When cooler-than-average ocean surface temperature emerges in the Pacific Ocean, rainfall patterns shift westward. Here is a list of list of El Niño and La Niña events (by year) from NOAA ESRL PSD, and another list of El Niño and La Niña years (by month)  provided by the National Center for Environmental Prediction (NCEP). La Niña refers to persistent colder-than-normal (0.5°C or greater) s ea s urface t emperature (SST) anomalies across the central and eastern equatorial Pacific (170°W to 120°W longitude and 5°N to 5°S latitude). This cooling process can impact … It's the oceanic opposite of El Niño, which is the warming of sea-surface temperatures in this same region. La Niña is a natural event characterized by abnormal cold ocean temperatures in the Equatorial Pacific. La Nina refers to the periodic cooling of ocean surface temperatures in the central and east-central equatorial Pacific. When sea-surface temperatures are cooler than average by at … The rapid succession of El Niños beginning in the early 1990's was unusual. Thankfully, scientists can predict La Niña weather patterns up to a year before they occur. La Niña, which is Spanish for "little girl", is the opposite of an El Niño climate pattern. Notice that El Niño and La Niña events vary considerably in strength. La Niña refers to a cooling of the ocean surface off the western coast of South America that occurs periodically every 4–12years and affects the Pacific and other weather patterns. JOIN NOW. In a La Niña year, the winds above the Pacific Ocean are much, much stronger than usual. Mean seasonal cycle: The first thing to note is the blue "scallops" in the eastern Pacific (in the left panel, these are on the right side of the temperature plot). In the Pacific Ocean near the equator, temperatures in the surface ocean are normally very warm in the western Pacific and cool in the eastern Pacific. So, areas that are hit with drought during La Niña years can get lots of rain in El Niño years! Glantz, 2006: ENSO as an integrating concept in Earth science. La Nina represents the cool phase of … For context: Taos, NM only totaled 116 inches of snow during the La Nina season of 2011-2012. El Niño is associated with a weakening of the seasonal cycle and La Niña with an exaggeration of the seasonal cycle. The winds are so strong during a La Niña (Spanish for "the girl") that they push lots of warm ocean water west toward Indonesia. This means that places like Indonesia and Australia can get much more rain than usual. La Niña means The Little Girl in Spanish. Arizona, New Mexico, Southern California: La Niña provides the opposite effect of El Niño to the Southeast. La Niña is part of the phenomena known as the E l N iño S outhern O scillation (ENSO). El Niño: The warm water (red) penetrating eastward in the Spring of 1987 (at the top of the plot) was the El Niño in 1986-1987. In the same region, El Niño can cause the water to be warmer than usual. El Niños and La Niñas generally occur about every two to seven years. La Niña events tend to settle in for longer than El Niños, persisting for somewhere between nine months to two years. These areas should expect a drier and warmer winter season. El Niño and La Niña years are easier to see in the deviations  (anomalies) in the right hand panel. Instead of a weakening of Trade Winds, La Niña experiences a strengthening in equatorial air circulation. Notice the cool water in 1995, 1998, 2007 and 2011, which were La Niña years. La Niña is basically El Niño in reverse. La Niña is also sometimes referred to as "an ENSO cold event". This usually happens once every few years. La Nina is the opposite of El Nino. Global climate La Niña impacts tend to be opposite those of El Niño impacts. La Niña is the cool phase of a climate phenomenon called the El Niño-Southern Oscillation, often referred to as ENSO. All other graphics provided by the TAO project office or by NOAA. Its warmer, better-known, sibling is … The warm pool also exhibits a seasonal cycle though more muted than in the cold tongue. Spanish for "little girl," La Niña is the name given to the large-scale cooling of sea surface temperatures across the central and equatorial Pacific Ocean. Science, 314, 1740-1745. In the continental US, during El Niño years, temperatures in the winter are warmer than normal in the North Central States, and cooler than normal in the Southeast and the Southwest. Starring: Ana María Estupiñán, Sebastián Eslava, Juan Sebastián Aragón. It is actually the opposite of El Niño which is normally realized when the Equatorial Pacific experiences unusual warm ocean temperatures. During a La Niña year, winter temperatures are warmer than normal in the Southeast and cooler than normal in the Northwest. The GOES-R series of weather satellites can help weather forecasters map the increased lightning and issue earlier and more accurate warnings of severe weather. La Niña causes water in the eastern Pacific to be colder than usual. La Niña occurs when equatorial trade winds become stronger, changing ocean surface currents and drawing cooler deep water up from below. Both panels show  sea surface temperature along the equator in Pacific Ocean, with Indonesia on the left (west) and South America on the right (east). The graphic below shows the sea surface temperature in the equatorial Pacific  (20ºN-20ºS, 100ºE-60ºW) from Indonesia on the left to central America on the right. La Niña is a climate pattern that describes the cooling of surface ocean waters along the tropical west coast of South America. NOTE: Click to see a larger version of this annotated graphic  or a  larger, realtime version of this graphic (with the latest data). The El Niño events of 1997-1998 and 2015-2016 El Niño (at bottom of the plot) were unusually strong. La Nina is a Spanish term on the other hand that gives the meaning of ‘a little girl’. Strong El Niño conditions, in December 1997, are shown on the bottom panel, with warm water (red) extending all along the equator. La Niña is a phenomenon that when the surface of the ocean has cooler temperature than normal in the Eastern and Central Pacific Ocean; regions close to the equator off the west coast of South America. La Niña weather conditions can also lead to more hurricanes and lightning in other parts of the world. La Niña is a phenomenon that describes cooler than normal ocean surface temperatures in the Eastern and Central Pacific Ocean, regions close to the equator off the west coast of South America. Also interesting is the Web page Where did the name El Niño come from? La Niña events occur after some (but not all) El Niños. Typically, La Nina events occur every 3 to 5 years or so, but on occasion can occur over successive years. And places like the southwestern United States can be very dry. McPhaden, M.J., S.E. La Niña is the periodic cooling of the equatorial eastern and central Pacific ocean. La Niña is also sometimes called El Viejo, anti-El Niño, or simply "a cold event." The red color in the western Pacific (on the left side of the temperature plot in the left panel) is the warm pool of water typically observed in the western Pacific Ocean. La Niña is the periodic cooling of the equatorial eastern and central Pacific Ocean. La Niña is a weather pattern that begins in the Pacific Ocean. The enhanced trade winds also help to pile up warm surface waters in the western Pacific and to the north of Australia. La Niña, where the water is cooler than normal, is indicated by blue colors. Literally translated as ‘the boy’ and ‘the girl’ in the Spanish language, El Nino and La Nina are the exact opposite phases of a climatic phenomenon called the El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) cycle, which takes place in the Pacific Ocean. It is one part of the larger and naturally occurring ocean-atmosphere phenomenon known as the El Niño/Southern Oscillation or ENSO (pronounced "en-so") cycle. These indicate the cool water typically observed in the Eastern Pacific in a region called the "cold tongue". Notice the very cool water (blue) in 1988-1989, near the top of the plot, which was a very strong La Niña. La Niña—the cool phase of the El Niño-Southern Oscillationclimate pattern—strengthened in the tropical Pacific in October 2020. As the warm water moves, cold water from the bottom of the ocean slowly rises up to take its place. In this pattern, strong winds blow warm water at the ocean’s surface from South America to Indonesia. Rain clouds normally form over warm ocean water. La Niña. In the tropics, ocean temperature variations in La Niña tend to be opposite those of El Niño. As the warm water moves west, cold water from the deep rises to the surface near the coast of South America. Colombian TV Shows. This results in a cooling of the central and eastern tropical Pacific Ocean. Warm ocean water and clouds move west during a La Niña. Science, 283, 950-954. Videos La Niña. The graphic below shows the sea surface temperature in the equatorial Pacific (20ºN-20ºS, 100ºE-60ºW) from Indonesia on the left to central America on the right. La Niña. Cold tongue temperatures vary seasonally, being warmest in the northern hemisphere springtime and coolest in the northern hemisphere fall. The phenomenon of El Nino occurs due to the fact that the surface of the ocean gets heated up in excess of few Celsius above the normal temperature. This causes colder than usual water to rise up near the west coast of … La Niña pushes warm water even further west. After El Niño reverses back to normal conditions, it can dip into its counterpart La Niña. La Niña is a weather pattern that begins in the Pacific Ocean. See U.S. La Niña impacts from the National Weather Service. In the U.S., winter temperatures are warmer than normal in the Southeast, and cooler than normal in the Northwest. La Nina's happen when the waters in the Central Pacific Ocean start to cool. Watch all you want. La Nina is considered to be the counterpart to El Nino, which is characterize d by unusually warm ocean temperatures in the equatorial region of the Pacific Ocean. Warm ocean water and clouds move west during a La Niña. La Niña means The Little Girl. From: Climate Change (Second Edition), 2016 La Niña is characterized by unusually cold ocean temperatures in the Equatorial Pacific, compared to El Niño, which is characterized by unusually warm ocean temperatures in the Equatorial Pacific. La Niña. Drag the slider tool to see the differences between La Niña conditions and normal conditions in the Pacific Ocean. In normal conditions, winds above the Pacific Ocean gently push warm water west. Zebiak, and M.H. And places like the southwestern United States can be very dry. Forecasters estimate a 95% chance La Niña will last through Northern Hemisphere winter, and they say the event is likely to be a relatively strong one. This graphic shows normal seasonal warming (red),  cooling (blue), and  El Niño and La Niña events from 1986 to 2016. This means that places like Indonesia and Australia can get much more rain than usual. The oceans play an important role in Earth's weather. La Niña is characterized by unusually cold ocean temperatures in the Equatorial Pacific, compared to El Niño, which is characterized by unusually warm ocean temperatures in the Equatorial Pacific. A former Colombian guerrilla fighter faces challenges as she reintegrates into society and tries to overcome her traumatic memories. Normal Equatorial Pacific Ocean surface temperatures (December 1993) are shown in the middle panel, including the usual cool water, called the 'cold tongue', in the Eastern Pacific (in blue, on the right of the plot) and the usual warm water, called the 'warm pool' in the Western Pacific (in red, on the left). The warm water penetrating towards the east in the northern hemisphere spring of 1992 is the 1991-1992 El Niño. This means that places like Indonesia and Australia can get much more rain than usual. What is La Niña? When strong winds cause this warm water to move, the clouds and storms move, too. National Oceanic and Atmospheric AdministrationPacific Marine Environmental Laboratory | El Niño Theme Pageoar.pmel.taogroup@noaa.gov, A comprehensive list of El Niño, ENSO and SST predictions from major glob. For example, the La Niña in 1988 was stronger than the La Niñas in 1995 and 1998, and the 1997-1998 and 2015-2016 El Niños are unusually strong compared to those in 1991-1992, 1993, 1994 and 2010. Water temperatures significantly warmer than the norm are shown in red, and water temperatures cooler than the norm are shown in blue. Warm water moves west during a La Niña, and so do the clouds. El Niño means The Little Boy or Christ child in Spanish. It involves temperature changes in the waters of the Eastern and Central Pacific Ocean. And places like the southwestern United States can be very dry. This makes the water in the eastern Pacific Ocean degrees a few degrees colder than usual. What is La Nina? Global climate La Niña impacts tend to be opposite those of El Niño impacts. At higher latitudes, El Niño and La Niña are among a number of factors that influence climate. La Niña intensifies the contrast between the warm far western Pacific and much cooler eastern Pacific, and so La Niña’s atmospheric response is a strengthening of the Walker circulation. McPhaden, M.J., 1999: Genesis and evolution of the 1997-98 El Niño. Tracking & comparing the current status of El Niño, La Niña and the Pacific... Schematic diagrams of El Niño, Normal and La Niña conditions, list of El Niño and La Niña events (by year, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. This name was used for the tendency of the phenomenon to arrive around Christmas. La Niña is a weather pattern that occurs in the Pacific Ocean. The left panel is the sea surface temperature, the right panel is the deviation of temperature from normal. NOAA forecasters have stated there is a 75 percent chance that La Niña will stick around for the entirety of winter. For those looking for a ray of optimism: The last time the region saw a La Nina event was the winter 2016-17, a year in which Los Angeles saw 19 inches of rain, the most in a decade. La Niña:  The larger blue "scallops" in the eastern Pacific (on the right of the plot) are La Niña events,including the very strong La Niña in 1988-1989 (near the top of the plot). La Niña can be summarized as the weather and climate patterns that are formed as the result of warm water being shifted further away from the east coast of South America in the direction of Southeast Asian coast. Strong La Niña conditions during December 1998 are shown in the top panel. Banner graphic of TAO ocean temperatures from NASA. The resort typically averages 300 inches per year. However, the impacts of El Niño and La Niña at these latitudes are most clearly seen in wintertime. In some parts of the world, La Niña causes increased rainfall, while in … El Niño, where the water is warmer than normal, is indicated by the red/yellow colors, and can be seen in  1986-1987, 1991-1992, 1993, 1994, 1997-1998 and 2015-2016. Both events start in the Pacific Ocean, but they are opposites in almost every other way! Along the left side is time, with 1986 at the top and 2016 at the bottom. That warm water travels from the west coast of South America all the way to Indonesia. 'La Niña' or "the girl" is the term adopted for the opposite side of the fluctuation, which sees episodes of cooler than average sea surface temperature in the equatorial Pacific. El Niño was originally recognized by fisherman off the coast of South America as the appearance of unusually warm water in the Pacific ocean, occurring near the beginning of the year. Even this small change in the ocean's temperature can affect weather all over the world. In some parts of the world, La Niña causes increased rainfall while in other regions it causes extreme dry conditions. La Niña, the counterpart of El Niño, is characterized by below-normal sea surface temperatures in the Pacific Ocean near the equator -- a result … The Eastern Pacific is cooler than usual, and unusually cool water extends farther westward than is usual (see the blue color extending further off-shore from South America along the equator). And that means that lots of cold water rises to the surface near South America. More information on naming conventions can be found in this web page on definitions of the terms ENSO, Southern Oscillation Index, El Niño and La Niña.