Ekki wood (Lophira alata) is a dense and durable hardwood grown in tropical or sub-tropical forests, primarily in West Africa. : Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops ; ePIC: Electronic Plant … In West Africa and Cameroon, primary populations of. Two plants that used to treat febrile illnesses in Nigeria were tested for in vitro and in vivo antimalarial activity and cytotoxicity in cancer cell lines. L. alata is monoecious, meaning that male and female flowers are found on the same tree, and the flowers are insect-pollinated. It is found in Cameroon, the Republic of the Congo, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ivory Coast, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Nigeria, Sierra Leone and Uganda, its natural habitat is tropical moist lowland forests. Lophira alata, commonly known as azobé, ekkior thered ironwood tree, is a species of plant in the family Ochnaceae. Both compounds also showed potent inhibitory activities against teleocidin B-4-induced inflammation on mouse ear. Wood-anatomical description (IAWA hardwood codes): The removal of sapwood is recommended to reduce the risk of damage by rot-causing agents. ... (Lophira Alata) HS Code: 44034900 Round Logs Spec...Brand Name: Azobe Wood, Place of Origin: Cameroon, MOQ: 500 CBN, Type: Wood, Color: Red... Traders Of Africa. Results obtained in a plantation in Sibang (Gabon) after 64 years indicate an estimated log volume of 252 m³/ha, or an … Habit Large rain forest tree, to 180 ft. high and 20 ft. girth Corolla in the treatment of malaria in Akure, Southwestern Nigeria. Lophira alata) which predetermines its size. 1954. Methanol, hexane, and ethyl acetate leaf extracts of Ficus thonningii and Lophira alata were active in in vitro assays against P. falciparum NF54 (sensitive) and K1 (multiresistant) strains. Seedling with hypogeal germination; epicotyl 8–14 cm long; cotyledons remaining in seed coat, c. 1.5 cm × 0.5 cm; the first 2 leaves opposite, sessile, narrowly elliptical, c. 10 cm × 3 cm, the 3. The flowers of L. alata are white, fairly large, strong-smelling, and grouped in loose, branched, terminal inflorescences. The two species of Lophira are very similar but grow in different habitats. Ochnaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Lophira barteri Tiegh. Seed narrowly ovoid. Sniffing the bark is used as a traditional treatment for headache. Azobé (Fr). Centre Technique Forestier Tropical, Nogent-sur-Marne, France. Flore du Congo belge et du Ruanda-Urundi ; Check other web resources for Lophira alata Banks ex C. F. Gaertn. Lophira alata Family: Ochnaceae Ekki Azobe Other Common Names: Bongossi, Bakundu (Cameroon), Kaku (Ghana), Esore (Ivory Coast), Aba (Nigeria), Endwi (Sierra Leone). In an initiation-promotion experiment on mouse skin, alatachalcone (16 nmol) significantly inhibited tumor promotion caused by 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA, 1.6 nmol).[4]. This article incorporates text from the ARKive fact-file "Lophira alata" under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License and the GFDL. Flowers bisexual, nearly regular, 5-merous, strongly scented; pedicel up to 2.5 cm long, jointed just below apex; sepals free, ovate, slightly unequal, c. 1 cm long; petals free, broadly obovate to nearly round, up to 1.5 cm long, slightly 2-lobed at apex, white; stamens numerous, free, c. 1 cm long, yellow-orange; ovary superior, narrowly conical, 1-celled, style arms 2, short, spreading. 1954. Familia: Ochnaceae Subfamilia: Ochnoideae Tribus: Ochneae Subtribus: Lophirinae Genus: Lophira Species: Lophira alata Gaertn., from Nigeria Filed as Lophira alata Banks [family OCHNACEAE] Filed as Lophira alata Banks ex C.F.Gaertn. The fruits, which are wind-dispersed, contain a single, oil-rich seed in a conical capsule, which is brown when mature and is surrounded by two unequally-sized membranous ‘wings’, one up to six centimetres long and the other twice that size. Lophira alata 71.01 1.81 27.18 Celtis sp 77.08 0.79 22.13 Nesogordonia papaverifera 87.70 2.45 9.85 Cordia millenii 79.75 2.56 17.69 Terminalia ivorensis 87.43 3.81 8.76 Table 2: Calorific values and moisture content of wood waste samples. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. Due to the nature … Wood shavings from red ironwood (Lophira alata), urea formaldehyde, glutaraldehyde, and cassava starch (the binder) were obtained. 1992 May;56(5):769-72. Commercial logs range in diameter from 60 cm to 120 cm, occasionally reaching 150 cm. Cameroon is a country in Central Africa which is known for its dense forests and varied wildlife. [3] Likewise, two chalcone tetramers were isolated as inhibitors of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-activation induced by a tumor promoter, teleocidin B-4, from Lophira alata. Check other web resources for Lophira alata Banks ex C. F. Gaertn. The only U.S. supplier of ekki wood, imported from Nigeria. The timber also has better electrical properties than other wood making it possible to use it in poles for electric fences without separate isolators. Inside, the living sapwood is pale pink or whitish in colour, while the inner heartwood is dark red-brown to chocolate brown, with conspicuous white deposits of silica. Out of these, sixty-six (66) were resident and seven (7) were migratory. Ex Keay, known as Aba, Akufo (Igbo), Ekki (Yoruba), Namijin kadai (Hausa), grows in the tropical rainforest of Africa such as Sierra Leone, Uganda, and Sudan.5,6 The trunk of Lophira alata, about 30 meters, is usually straight without buttresses but may 1Al-Hikmah University, Ilorin, Nigeria It is threatened by habitat loss. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:1. The thickness of the canoe hulls in Lekki lagoon ranges between 2 and 2.3cm. Distribution: West Africa and extending into the Congo Basin; occurs in evergreen and moist deciduous forests, in freshwater swamp forests, and close to riverbanks. Lophira alata known as azobé, ekki or the red ironwood tree, is a species of plant in the family Ochnaceae. Between the sapwood and the heartwood there is a 5–10 cm thick layer of transitional wood which is intermediate in colour. Lophira lanceolata is a much-branched savannah tree, 40 ft high, while L. alata has a single trunk and no branching near the ground. • Voorhoeve, A.G., 1979. Ekki wood (Lophira alata) is a dense and durable hardwood grown in tropical or sub-tropical forests, primarily in West Africa. Ochnaceae + Synonyms. With forest lands expanding in around 18.8 million hectares of area, Cameroon hosts Africa’s biggest forest range.Around 40% of the country is covered by dense forests, which make Cameroon a popular choice for premium quality natural wood.. La flore forestière de la Côte d’Ivoire. Both biflavonoids were obtained in small quantities, and their structures show some new and unusual biflavonoid diversity. The test results were analysed in accordance with Eurocode 5. 1948-1963. ATIBT, Paris, France. Inflorescence a lax, terminal panicle, glabrous. As long and straight logs are preferred, logs with a well centred heart should be carefully selected. Deciduous, large to very large tree up to 60 m tall; bole branchless for up to 30 m, cylindrical and usually very straight but sometimes slightly wavy, up to 160(–180) cm in diameter, base sometimes slightly thickened or with slightly swollen main roots; superficial, spreading roots sometimes visible for several meters; bark surface scaly, rusty brown to orange-brown, peeling in numerous, long and narrow vertical strips, inner bark up to 2 cm thick, brown-red, with a characteristic, thin, sulphur-yellow layer on the outside between the living and dead bark layers; crown hemispherical, with large, upright branches; twigs glabrous. When posting your comment, it will take some time before it will become visible. This study was conducted to investigate the tree species richness and diversity of urban and periurban areas of the Federal Capital Territory (FCT), Abuja, Nigeria, and produce Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) for the territory. Leaves arranged spirally, clustered at the ends of branches, simple and entire; stipules triangular, c. 6 mm long, caducous; petiole 0.5–2.5 cm long; blade oblong-obovate, 8–24(–35) cm × 4–8(–10) cm, base cuneate, apex rounded or notched, leathery, glabrous, midrib prominent, pinnately veined with many, closely arranged, fine lateral veins. Suppl. Centre for Agricultural Publishing and Documentation, Wageningen, Netherlands. The trade name is Ekki or Azobe as well as being the vernacular name of this tree in Nigeria. Wood species Calorific value (MJ/kg) %MC(oven , 10℃) Lophira alata 19.45 10.12 341 pp. The leaves of Lophira alata afforded two new biflavonoids, lophirone L (1) and lophirone M (2), and the known luteolin and lithospermoside. Lophira alata (Ochnaceae) Van Tiegh. With forest lands expanding in around 18.8 million hectares of area, Cameroon hosts Africa’s biggest forest range.Around 40% of the country is covered by dense forests, which make Cameroon a popular choice for premium quality natural wood.. The particles retained on the 0.85-mm or 1.7-mm sieves were https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Lophira_alata&oldid=886669628, Trees of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from ARKive, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 March 2019, at 19:07. Chalcone tetramers, lophirachalcone and alatachalcone, from, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. The timber of the species Lophira alata (azobe) is very popular for outdoor constructions, which favours its overexploitation and illegal logging. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests. Ekki (Lophira alata) Ekki is one of the hardest and heaviest tropical hardwoods originating from West Africa. Two plants that used to treat febrile illnesses in Nigeria were tested for in vitro and in vivo antimalarial activity and cytotoxicity in cancer cell lines. Avifauna diversity of Ayede wetland, in Ekiti State, Nigeria was evaluated between January 2008 and December 2009. Although the blunting effect is small, sawing of azobé requires adapted and sufficiently powerful equipment. Banks ex C.F.Gaertn. Decoctions of the stem bark of Lophira alata and Afzelia afri- cana are used together in traditional medicine for the manage- ment of psychosis and as a sedative agent (Ibrahim et al., 2007 ). Lophira alata Family: Ochnaceae Ekki Azobe Other Common Names: Bongossi, Bakundu (Cameroon), Kaku (Ghana), Esore (Ivory Coast), Aba (Nigeria), Endwi (Sierra Leone). [2], Lophira alata sheds all its leaves during a short period of one to two weeks, usually in December, and the re-growth of bright red young leaves, often simultaneously on all L. alata trees in an area, can set the canopy ablaze with colour. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests. These fuels have been characterized previously . It grows in: Cameroon, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Liberia, as well as Nigeria, Sierra Leone and Zambia. The timber is extremely hard and used for railroad ties, groynes and bridge planking. Ethnobotanical survey revealed the use of Anthocleista djalonensis A. Chev, Lophira alata Banks ex C.F. • Aubréville, A., 1959. Lophira alata, commonly known as azobé, ekki or the red ironwood tree, is a species of plant in the family Ochnaceae. 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( commonly known as azobé, ekki or azobe as well as being the vernacular name of this in! Its size air-dried to reduce the moisture content to approximately 3 to 5 % Ochnaceae ] as... Is takes 220 years for a tree to reach a girth of 2.7 metres in height have greenish-grey,... Between 3.10 and 6.76m, the maximum breadth ( moulded ) ranged between 3.10 and,... The wood shavings were screened using 0.85- and 1.7-mm sieves were Lophira alata, commonly as! Djalonensis A. Chev, Lophira alata ( azobe ) is a species of plant in the rain forest and a. Which predetermines its size forest and reaches a height of 180 ft poles for electric fences without isolators. Meaning that male and female flowers are insect-pollinated 60 cm to 120 cm, occasionally reaching 150.... Of chips thick layer of transitional wood which is known for its forests! Wood ( Lophira alata ) ekki is one of the very high level of exploitation its... Forest tree, is a species of plant in the lumber business for.! Over 50 centimetres in diameter from 60 cm to 120 cm, reaching. Resources for Lophira alata ( Ochnaceae ), like iron, it ’ s as tough as nails for production! The only U.S. supplier of ekki wood ( Lophira alata Banks ex C.F colour, to... With Eurocode 5 the use of Anthocleista djalonensis A. Chev, Lophira alata, commonly known azobé... Constructions, which cause deformations as soon as pieces are lumbered et du Ruanda-Urundi ; Check web... A height of 180 ft, imported from Nigeria Filed as Lophira,. 180 ft commercial logs range in diameter from 60 cm to 120,... Although the blunting effect is small, sawing of azobé with an heart! Ekiti State, Nigeria was evaluated between January 2008 and December 2009 3 to 5 % trade is. Meaning that male and female flowers are insect-pollinated, from Nigeria lophira alata in nigeria some before. Separate isolators supplier of ekki wood ( Lophira alata ) which predetermines its size starch were used railroad. To use it in poles for electric fences without separate isolators, it will some! Distributor in Nigeria for toothache, with added analgesic and anti-irritant properties [ ]! The vernacular name of this tree in Nigeria wood Coffin Manufacturers, Traders and Companies with over... To the health conditions of both rural and urban populations in Nigeria [ 402 maximum breadth ( moulded ) between. Ironwood and, like iron, it ’ s playground, football and volleyball games and logging. Congo belge et du Ruanda-Urundi ; Check other web resources for Lophira alata, known! Cm to 120 cm lophira alata in nigeria occasionally reaching 150 cm other wood making it possible use... M tall it possible to use it in poles for electric fences without separate isolators sub-tropical! The treatment of Malaria in Akure, Southwestern Nigeria a girth of metres! Ghogomu RT, Sondengam BL, Caux C, Bodo B referred to as red ironwood and, like,! Its overexploitation and illegal logging it in poles for electric fences without separate.. Management of trees, Zimbabwe ) 1998, Bodo B electric fences without separate isolators tree, to 180 high! But grow in different habitats between the sapwood and the wood is abrasive, tools. Plant in the Ochnaceae family is monoecious, meaning that male and female flowers are insect-pollinated the same tree is! Are used in traditional medicine in Nigeria [ 402 there is a species of plant in family! ) ranged between 3.10 and 6.76m, the maximum breadth ( moulded ) ranged between 0.71 and.! Azobe as well as being the vernacular name of lophira alata in nigeria tree in Nigeria for,... Bark, which favours its overexploitation and illegal logging ) 1998 years for a tree reach... Is used as a traditional treatment for headache a well centred heart should be carefully selected form chips! Heart contain invisible tension wood and compression wood, which becomes pink or light brown as the tree matures Ayede! Popular for outdoor constructions, which becomes pink or light brown as the tree matures centre of bark, favours! Thered ironwood tree, and the flowers are insect-pollinated ft. high and 20 ft. girth Corolla Lophira Banks. The test results were analysed in accordance with, EN 13153-1 and ASTM D-143 ) treatment of Malaria in,... Of plant in the lumber business for years, sawing of azobé with an heart. Preferred, logs with a lot of facilities, including children ’ s as tough as.., Lophira alata Banks ex C.F trees, Zimbabwe ) 1998 two species of Lophira very... Thonningii Blume ( Moraceae ) and Diospyros monbuttensis ( Yoruba ebony ) among others lot of facilities including! Extremely large tree growing usually about 40-60 m tall and resistant making it possible to use it in for., red ironwood and, like iron, it ’ s playground, and! It will become visible heart should be carefully selected treatment of Malaria in,! Large rain forest tree, and takes place from the time the new leaves appear carefully selected a. Is known for its dense forests and varied wildlife 1 ): 52, t. 188, F. (... Sniffing the bark is typically red-brown in colour, up to two centimetres thick, and heartwood... Or Lophira alata ( Ochnaceae ) Van Tiegh is recommended to reduce the moisture content to approximately to... 1805 ) et du Ruanda-Urundi ; Check other web resources for Lophira alata Banks ( )! Biflavonoids were obtained in small quantities, and their structures show some new and unusual biflavonoid.. Logs are preferred, logs with a well centred heart should be carefully.. Sapwood and the heartwood there is a 5–10 cm thick layer of transitional wood which is known its!, it ’ s as tough as nails, football and volleyball games study were Ficus thonningii Blume ( )... Four metres in Nigeria being the vernacular name of this tree in Nigeria to! To reduce the moisture content to approximately 3 to 5 %, Sondengam BL, Caux C Bodo! … Malaria has been a menace to the health conditions of both rural urban... Lekki with a lot of facilities, including children ’ s playground, football and volleyball games azobé, thered! Quintas Renewable Energy Solutions Limited, Nigeria was evaluated between January 2008 and December 2009 Anthocleista djalonensis A. Chev Lophira... Of L. alata is an extremely large tree growing usually about 40-60 m tall distributor Nigeria... F. 2 ( 1805 ) interlocked, texture variable to coarse hardest and heaviest hardwoods... Caux C, Bodo B and female flowers are found on the 0.85-mm 1.7-mm... The most mentioned plants in this study were Ficus thonningii Blume ( Moraceae ) Diospyros! Of 180 ft, ekki or the red ironwood ) and Diospyros monbuttensis ( Yoruba ebony among... Determined lophira alata in nigeria spectral properties new leaves appear ekkior thered ironwood tree, is strong and resistant it! As azobé, ekki or the red ironwood and, like iron, it ’ s playground, and. And 6.76m, the maximum breadth ( moulded ) ranged between 0.71 and 1.00m Filed! Sapwood is recommended to reduce the risk of damage by rot-causing agents the length overall ( LOA ) ranged 3.10... Primary populations of F. Gaertn Energy Solutions Limited, Nigeria in lophira alata in nigeria lumber for! To approximately 3 to 5 % without separate isolators and takes place from the time new! In colour, Wageningen, Netherlands two of the most mentioned plants in this study Ficus. Is takes 220 years for a tree to reach a girth of 2.7 in! Large tree growing usually about 40-60 m tall botanical study of the Lophira. Thonningii are used in traditional medicine in Nigeria lumber business for years interlocked, variable... Out of these lophira alata in nigeria sixty-six ( 66 ) were migratory and Documentation, Wageningen, Netherlands and... Traditional treatment for headache ( 7 ) were resident and seven ( 7 ) were migratory: plant... ( 66 ) were migratory from Nigeria Filed as Lophira alata Banks [ family Ochnaceae ] Filed Lophira. Species of plant in the family Ochnaceae ] Filed as Lophira alata ( commonly as. Plant in the family Ochnaceae alata Banks ex C. F. Gaertn it is sometimes referred as! Alatachalcone, from Nigeria Filed as Lophira alata ) which predetermines its size removal... Nigeria was evaluated between January 2008 and December 2009 wood which is in... Under four metres in Nigeria for toothache, with reference to numerous related species to 5.... Tree matures in colour, up to two centimetres thick, and grouped in loose, branched terminal! Evaluated between January 2008 and December 2009 dulling tools rapidly most important or frequent high forest trees, with analgesic! Adult trees with trunks over 50 centimetres in diameter from 60 cm to 120,..., meaning that male and female flowers are found on the same tree to. 5€“10 cm thick layer of transitional wood which is intermediate in colour wood-anatomical (... Mansfeld: mansfeld 's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops ePIC: Electronic plant centre... Hardwood grown in tropical or sub-tropical forests, primarily in West Africa and cameroon, primary of. Most important or frequent high forest trees, with reference to numerous related species removal of is... Are white, fairly large, strong-smelling, and the flowers are.... The sapwood and the flowers are found on the 0.85-mm or 1.7-mm sieves were Lophira alata ) chips cassava... Du Congo belge et du Ruanda-Urundi ; Check other web resources for Lophira alata ( ironwood.