Nepal is a country having 8, 48,848 kilometers squire comparing to a state of India. Facebook. Federal political systems generally involve complex relationships between two or more levels of governments, which can lead to tensions that require mechanisms for resolving them. Federal System of government, I think, is actually not suitable for a small country like Nepal but as for now let us assume that it is important. Thus, the constitution of Nepal 2015, formally declared the country a “Federal Democratic Republic” in which powers are shared between the central government, province and local level. It is led by the Centre for Development and Environment (CDE) and the Interdisciplinary Centre for Gender Studies (IZfG) of the University of Bern, Switzerland. peacebuilding. Nepal's Interim Constitution states that Nepal is a federal democratic republic. As Nepal’s economy is highly reliant on indirect taxes, international trade taxes, external grants and persistent fiscal deficits, it is a very challenging issue to devolve the concentration of fiscal decision-making power from the federal government to province and local government. are considered properly, Nepal will successfully achieve the essential aspects of fiscal federalism  sharing functions among different levels of government in the supply of goods and services, redistribution of income, macroeconomic stabilization, taxation, welfare gains and inter-jurisdictional competition. Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. Impact of Federalism on Nepalese Businesses. • Federal: A federal state is a sovereign complex state where the power We can't ignore the federal system of governance in Nepal challenges and opportunities. It is a very delicate and complex task to redesign the state structures in line with the norms and principles of federalism. There are many challenges and opportunities in the federal system of governance in Nepal. In a world of multi-ethnic, multi-cultural plural societies, federal political systems face new political challenges. The seeds of dissent that the Maoists sowed a decade ago have grown fruit, and there are scores of pressure groups now calling for ethnic federalism, regional autonomy and more. A decade ago, Nepal’s political parties agreed to change the country’s unitary system of government to a federal system. This paper focuses on the federal structure, demography, power sharing between the provincial and local level, opportunities and challenges of federalism in Nepal. Praising air safety status of Nepal, the EU in its statement issued on Sunday on the establishment day of the Internati Read More... KATHMANDU: Nepal Airlines Corporation (NAC) is all set to start Kathmandu-New Delhi bubble flights from December 16 upon receiving approval from Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal (CAAN). (3) There shall be States consisting of the Districts as mentioned, under the Local level. The direct involvement of people in formulating plans and policies to estimate resources, revenues and reserves help effective fiscal management. Get here a post about the Federal System of Government in Nepal. A main challenges for federalism identified by political scientists is that is the population of federal states give their loves to their sub-national government rather the state. Specifically, the move towards federalism should provide all Nepalis, whether urban or rural, equal access to government-provided health services. READ ALSO: 442 new coronavirus infections reported in Kathmandu Valley on Monday The text is arranged according to major institutional themes, while also … Nepal is based on Unitary System of governance ever since the great unification by Late P.N. Federalism and the Constitution of Nepal: 30 Questions and Answers answers to a number of essential political questions related to the design and establishment of the Federal Republic of Nepal. The Challenge For Federalism. If we use it properly it will help in proper utilisation of the unused resources and help to reduce the level of poverty and inequality. Nepal is in the process of finalization of federal structures and this presentation bring different dimensions of federalization process and challenges in Nepal No caption available +3 The central government is assigned to collect revenues from various sources like customs duty, Value Added Tax (VAT), excise duty, corporate income tax, and personal income tax which comprise around 80 per cent of the total tax revenue. It assigns powers and duties to each, through three exclusive lists and two concurrent lists of competencies. Nepal is also on the process of implementing fiscal federalism by delegating responsibilities downward to its provincial and local governments. Being deeply associated with the form of polity and modality of governance, these concepts have steered the Nepalese, This paper discusses the relationships between governance practices in natural resources and conflict in Nepal. Mr Debendra Adhikari, a PhD candidate at KUSoED, is working specifically on the reintegration of female ex-combatants in Nepal. Systems of government Unitary-federal-confederation: definitions • Unitary: A unitary state, is a sovereign state governed as a single entity. Of course, the transition to federalism requires years to unfold and many challenges remain, however this process is essential for the realization of the commitments to equality and inclusion of the government of Nepal. WOMENsPEACE: Gender Equality, Peace and Security in Nepal and Myanmar, Feminization, agricultural transition and rural employment (FATE): Social and political conditions of asset building in the context of export-led agriculture, Feminization of Agriculture, Transition and Rural Employment (FATE), Making Women Count for Peace: Gender, Empowerment and Conflict in South Asia, Crime and Security in federal set up of Nepal, Dynamics of Resource Governance, Resource Scarcity and Conflict in Nepal. The number of Wards in a, Municipality shall be as provided for in the, for social, cultural protection or economic development, fundamental rights, rule of law, separation, Federalisation debate not gone in right track, singling out as enemy if not supported particula, communal, territorial and ethnic conflict if not. Reflection on international experiences of policing at federal systems: some examples Federalism is the theory or advocacy of such an order, including principles for dividing final authority between member units and the common institutions.” Why we need Federalism in Nepal ? three. Question and Challenges. Nepal specific potential issues in FS. three. Fiscal decentralization initiative of Nepal implemented in different time periods failed to overcome the problems of regional inequality through efficient public resource utilization, making a favourable environment for the private sector development and inclusive economic growth under centralized and unitary form of government in which powers are owned by the national government only. So, the primary objective of the researcher is to review the power sharing modality existing in the new constitution on different sectors and areas of the state machinery. When it comes to economic challenges, the implementation of the new federal structure is considered to be costly, as Nepal is supposed to set up a new administrative as well as physical infrastructure. To determine optimal jurisdiction authority in shaping the inter-governmental fiscal relations, political considerations, economic factors and historical events have to be taken into account that influence the design, adoption and implementation of federalism. The major challenges for any nation undergoing federal structure are allocation and distribution of adequate financial resources to every level of government. It helps to induces political autonomy. Accordingly, Nepal is undergoing the process of restructuring through federal recasting and redesigning of the state. Article 159(1) of the Tnterim constitusion declares that Nepal is a federal Democratic Repulic state. While the challenges are many, the decentralisation of healthcare also has the potential to benefit all Nepalis. Federalism is a system of government in which power is divided between a central authority and constituent political units. Three years after the introduction of a new federal constitution, 2019 is going to be a critical year for fiscal federalism in Nepal. The international project team consist of : Dr. Eliud Abucheli Birachi, International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT), Kigali, Rwanda; Professor Dr Elizabeth Jimenez Zamora, Universidad Mayor de San Andrés–Postgrado en Ciencias del Desarrollo (CIDES–UMSA), La Paz, Bolivia; Dr Saithong Phommavong, National University of Laos (NUOL), Faculty of Social Sciences, Vientiane, Lao PDR, Dr Bishnu Raj Upreti, PhD; Nepal Centre for Contemporary Research (NCCR-Nepal), Kathmandu, Nepal; Prof. Dr Heinzpeter Znoj and Dr Sabin Bieri, University of Bern, Switzerland, Dr Sarah Cook, United Nations Research Institute for Social Development (UNRISD), Geneva, Switzerland. 2. This means that the populations . 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