hamid_bhatti7. In 1788, Charles III of Spain, a competent ruler, died, and his son Charles IV took over. I … The loss of life and destruction caused during these series of wars was beyond belief. Napoleon Bonaparte tried to invade North America and take some colonies for France. The main differences between the revolutions lie in their origins: the American Revolution was stimulated by the unwillingness to pay higher tax revenues to Britain, the French one was stimulated by the willingness to replace current political and social structure, and the Haitian one was stimulated by the need to proclaim the equality of all men of all races living in the Republic. The war against the Spanish forces saw many regions gain independence. During this time, Napoleon marshaled his forces and invaded Europe, including Portugal and Spain in 1808. There are two main theoretical and political conclusions of Castroism. wealth. Write. What eventually resulted in the freedom of Latin America. Test. Under the leadership of Simon Bolivar, on June 24 1821, Venezuelan forces defeated the Spanish and gained independence. This caused resentment within the privileged classes. Flashcards. Tags: Question 11 . Trade Restrictions: The competition between the powerhouses earlier, made the Spanish and the Portuguese put trade restrictions on the colonies. By the late 18th century, Spain was forced to loosen some trade restrictions, but the move was too little, too late, as those who produced these goods now demanded a fair price for them. Like the beginning of the American Revolution, the soldiers were untrained and poorly armed. He also saw the opportunity to take advantage of the problems occurring in Spain. SURVEY . 30.Which of these situations was the direct result of the other three? In the early 19th century, almost all … Argentina was the first to formally declare independence on July 9, 1816. Which of the following constitutes an unintended result of the Latin American revolutions? The War of Independence which lasted for over two decades witnessed some of the bloodiest battles in Latin American history. This made them unhappy, although this unrest did not spill over until the moment was right. Huascar and Atahualpa: an Inca Civil War. Some were a positive influence: The American Revolution (1765–1783) was seen by many in South America as a good example of elite leaders of colonies throwing off European rule and replacing it with a more fair and democratic society—later, some constitutions of new republics borrowed heavily from the U.S. Constitution. Learn. Commemorations of the emancipation of slaves are depicted in a variety of forms throughout the Atlantic world. Not only did it provide a massive distraction and tie up Spanish troops and ships, it pushed many undecided Creoles over the edge in favor of independence. This led the South American colonists to believe that even they could thwart the Spanish and Portuguese. In places like Argentina, colonies "sort of" declared independence, claiming they would only rule themselves until such time as Charles IV or his son Ferdinand was put back on the Spanish throne. First, that there is no other way for the triumph of Latin American and world revolution, that of the class struggle with its inevitable corollary, the armed struggle to destroy the apparatus of state repression of the regime. After all, these events helped shape the future of more than just one country. He gained followers by appealing to a large group of people that did not associate themselves with the European imperial powers. Bolivar then moves onto Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia. Sitemap. When the American revolution started, the population in the colonies was … Print; Main. Charles IV was weak and indecisive and mostly occupied himself with hunting, allowing his ministers to run the Empire. Simon Bolivar was an educated creole who admired the American and French Revolutions. This was not the case in Latin America. They only let their pure blood citizens govern the colonies. The answer is long and complicated, but here are some of the essential causes of the Latin American Revolution. This had a lot of drawbacks, and is one of the main reasons of the Latin revolutions. Mexico's independence day September 16, 1810. The three major powerhouses, namely the English, the Spanish, the French, and the Portuguese were very expansionist in their mentality. answer choices . In the North, the Whites slowly became the dominant population. American Revolution/Mexican Revolution: North American colonists had already defeated the English, even though the English had a far superior navy. During the terrible revolutions there was the formation of Latin America as an independent state. The answer is long and complicated, but here are some of the essential causes of the Latin American Revolution. After Spanish and French naval forces were crushed at the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805, Spain's ability to control the colonies lessened even more. Although the representatives of Gran Colombia and the United Provinces Of Central America, along with other representatives from Latin American colonies attended the meeting, differences of opinion, regional interests, and geographical barriers made the formation of the union impossible. Nepotism: It was not nepotism in the pure sense, but seeing how big the colonies were relative to the small countries that had captured them, it did seem like nepotism. A series of conflicts and battles led to the independence of the Peruvian and Bolivian colonies. The first Latin American state to become independent. B)Revolutions occurred in North America and France. Latin America's civil wars and revolutions did not begin … The result of these revolutions was the formation of independent countries in Latin America. The time when the upheaval began in Latin America, there was a lot of instability in Europe. The Latin American Wars of Independence were the various revolutions that took place during the late 18th and early 19th centuries and resulted in the creation of a … During these years, Cubans filled more public offices than they had under Spanish rule, and much was done for public works, sanitation, and education. The Latin American Wars of Independence were the revolutions that took place during the late 18th and early 19th centuries and resulted in the creation of a number of independent countries in Latin America. Although the French and American people had several distinct and differing motives for revolting against their ruling governments, some similar causes led to both revolutions, including the following:Economic struggles: Both the Americans and French dealt with a taxation system they found discriminating and unfair. Lack of Respect for the Creoles By the late eighteenth century, the Spanish colonies had a thriving class of Creoles (Criollo in Spanish), wealthy men and women of European ancestry born in the New World. Maps. Key Concepts: Terms in this set (24) The Haitian Revolution . In these wars, the leadership of José de San Martin, who was known as The Liberator in Argentina, played a crucial role in the independence of these colonies. Of course, the major long term outcome of these revolutions was the creation of a number of independent nations in Latin America. The remarkable leadership of José Gervasio Artigas and Fulgencio Yegros was a huge contributing factor to Uruguay’s and Paraguay’s independence. Spain discriminated against the Creoles, appointing mostly new Spanish immigrants to important positions in the colonial administration. Meanwhile, Spanish officials and newcomers consistently treated Creoles with disdain, maintaining and further widening the social gap between them. His remarkable military tactics were instrumental in defeating the Spanish forces. The Latin American region witnessed various revolutions in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. The loss of life in these wars was unimaginable. As a result of the Latin American Revolution, there was a major population decline due to the countless amounts of people fighting for their rights. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. By 1810, Spanish America could look to other nations to see revolutions and their results. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. Main articles: Haitian Revolution and Latin American wars of independence The American and French Revolutions had profound effects on the Spanish, Portuguese and French colonies in the Americas. The highly racist colonial society was extremely sensitive to minute percentages of Black or Indigenous blood. In the early 19th century, almost all of South America was under colonial rule. A)Nations of Latin America won independence. Revolt in Latin America 1807 - 1825 . The many border disputes and wars . Prior to its independence, Haiti was a French colony known as St. Domingue. This meant that they were not allowed to trade with England or France. 6789 Quail Hill Pkwy, Suite 211 Irvine CA 92603. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. Effects of the Revolutions. political independence from Europe. As a result of the Spanish-American War, control of Cuba passed from Spain to the United States on January 1, 1899, and it was governed by direct U.S. military administration until May 20, 1902. Those who resisted Napoleon in Spain begged the colonials for help but refused to promise to reduce trade restrictions if they won. The first serious revolt in the war for Latin America independence began in Mexico, by Miguel De Hidalgo, a parish priest, who rallied the peasants, the indigenous people and the metizos (people of mixed European and Native American descent) against Spanish colonial rule on September 16, 1810. We hope you enjoy this website. He is a former head writer at VIVA Travel Guides. The new nations write Constitutions for their free nations. Mexico's first revolt began 1810. Tired of the waffling of Charles IV and Spain's inconsistency as an ally, Napoleon invaded in 1808 and quickly conquered not only Spain but Portugal as well. But the colonies were only allowed to trade with Spain, and at rates advantageous for Spanish merchants. He failed and hence turned his attention towards Europe itself. You must pick a topic related to class themes, and that has sufficient resources available to demonstrate your skills of research and writing. 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