The Nigerian government structure is styled into a federal system of government. Customary laws, administered by native, or customary, courts, are usually presided over by traditional rulers, who generally hear cases about family problems such as divorce. Is Nigeria practising federalism as a system of government? As a result of this, it has brought … Their powers and functions were shared to … This has two faces: the use of areal divisions to ensure neutrality and equality in the representation of the various groups and interests in the polity and the use of such divisions to secure local autonomy and representation for diverse groups within the same civil society . 5. Women have participated in the government since the colonial period, especially in the south. President Muhammadu Buhari is currently the federal head of state and government. The federal system of government was chosen for Nigeria during the period leading up to independence from Britain in 1960. Both the federal and state governments derive their powers from the constitution. A good example of this is the government of the late president Umaru Musa Yar’adua, who was able to solve the problem of killings and pipeline vandalism by proposing amnesty programmes for militants in the Niger-delta. The constitution provides for a bicameral National Assembly, which consists of the House of Representatives and the Senate. The Federal Government Revenues are classified into two groups: (a) Federation Account Revenue Heads and (b) Federal Government Revenue Heads or Consolidated Revenue Fund Accounts (CRF). Nigeria Government. At independence, Nigeria adopted the parliamentary system of government favoured by her colonial master, the United Kingdom. The Nigerian president assents to and signs bills and can return a bill to Parliament for reconsideration or can refer it to the Supreme Court to determine the constitutionality of the bill. Nigerians go to the polls after every four years to elect the president. The fiscal composition of Nigeria remained with the federal government to this date. Nigeria is a federal presidential representative democratic republic, whereby the President is both head of state and head of government, and of a multi-party system. Since 1999, several states have instituted Sharīʿah law. Although the states claim that the law applies only to Muslims, the minority non-Muslim population argues that it is affected by the law as well. Nigeria is a federal republic and runs the presidential system of government modelled closely to what obtains largely in other presidential democracies. Nigeria is not practicing federalism in the real sense of it. Federation Account Revenue Heads The Federal Account was established by section 162 of the 1999 Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria. Christian women, for example, must ride on female-only buses, and some states have banned females from participating in sports. The president undertakes all required duties as the commander-in-chief of the nation's armed forces. Nigeria is a country with a lot of ethnic groups. This is why it is necessary to document the agreement regarding the form of powers to each body. Nigeria is divided into 36 states and the Federal Capital Territory, where the country’s capital, Abuja, is located; the constitution also includes a provision that more states can be created as needed. The Federal Government of Nigeria is also referred to as the government for the Federal Republic of Nigeria (FRN). There are two tiers of government—state and local—below the federal level. Federalism is a system of government in which powers are divided between the centre and the regions (states). Back to Top In 1967 Col. Yakubu Gowon, then the military leader, turned the regions into 12 states: 6 in the north, 3 in the east, and 3 in the west. Federalism in Nigeria can be traced to Sir Frederick Lord Lugard, when the Northern and Southern protectorates were amalgamated in 1914. Their political strength is rooted in the precolonial traditions among particular ethnic groups, such as the Igbo, which gave women the power to correct excessive male behaviour (known as “sitting on a man”). However, their regional rather than national focus—the AG represented the west, the NPC the north, and the National Council for Nigeria and the Cameroons the east—ultimately contributed to the outbreak of civil war by the mid-1960s and more than 20 years of military rule. President Muhammadu Buhari is currently the federal head of state and government. Nigeria is divided into 36 states and the Federal Capital Territory, where the country’s capital, Abuja, is located; the constitution also includes a provision that more states can be created as needed. While a highly centralised central government is injurious to the federal polity as it could lead to a quasi federal (or unitary) system as it is found in present Nigeria federal system, a highly decentralized federalism, on the other hand, could destabilise the federal polity as it is capable of eroding the power of the central government and making the federating units too powerful. It is the fourth constitution following independence from the United Kingdom. Political parties were allowed briefly in 1993 and again starting from 1998, but only parties with national rather than regional representation were legal, such as the newly created People’s Democratic Party (PDP), the Alliance for Democracy, and the All Nigeria People’s Party. independent in 1965. At each level of government, there are three arms also. A third element of any federal system is what has been called in the United States territorial democracy. Nigeria is a federal democratic republic with a presidential system of government. 1. There is also constitutional distribution of governmental powers between the central (federal) government and the smaller units (states) that formed the federation to the extent that more powers are given to the central government such as the exclusive powers which ordinarily makes the component states to be subjected to the central government to some extent and the sharing of concurrent powers by both the central government and the component states. Head of Government: President Muhammadu Buhari Overview Government Name: Federal Republic of Nigeria Constitution: Adopted: 1999; Restored democratic rule to Nigeria. Sharia in the northern states, common law in the south and at the federal level. Nigeria Table of Contents. Similarly, Nigeria can trace its federal pattern back to 1954 so that it gained independence in 1960 as a federation. Federalism is a system of government whereby power is constitutionally shared between the central government and other component units e.g. What we operate is an amalgam of a federal and unitary systems of government.That is why we have federal agencies enforcing states laws or put differently, federal agencies controlling affairs of states. The president can have too much power in this particular government system. At independence, Nigeria adopted the parliamentary system of government favoured by her colonial master, the United Kingdom. The full explanation of Nigeria’s federalism. A federal system of government is characterized by the constitutionally-mandated division of political authority between the national government and sub-national territories, such as states or provinces. Federal (democratic, presidential) system of government Presently, Nigeria practices the federal system. At independence the country was divided into three regions: Northern, Eastern, and Western. Although Nigerian women may wield influence and political power, particularly at the familial and local level, this has not always been reflected at the federal level: in the early 21st century, women made up about 5 percent of the House of Representatives and the Senate. Nigeria is a country in West Africa. Nigeria is a federal democratic republic with a presidential system of government. Federal Government . Kadis (judges) apply Sharīʿah based on the Maliki Islamic code. In this regard, the president is both the head of state and government, and there are three arms and tiers of rules by which the country is ruled. The items under the exclusive list are too bogus (68 items). 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